Dr. Martin Urner is a clinical and research fellow of the Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine at the University of Toronto. He graduated from the University of Zurich Medical School and completed his specialty training in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine in Switzerland. His research work focuses on mechanical ventilation using advanced methods for causal inference on large observational data. Dr. Urner has published 25 original articles, three patent applications, and has been funded by the Foundation for Pneumoconiosis Research Zurich and the Swiss Society of Anesthesiology with a total amount exceeding 150,000 Canadian dollars. Supported by a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship, Dr. Urner is currently completing a Ph.D. in Clinical Epidemiology & Health Care Research at the Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation of the University of Toronto.